National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases / Centre de collaboration nationale des maladies infectieuses

Knowledge that's contagious!

Tel: 204.943.0051
E-Mail: nccid@icid.com

Influenza & Influenza-like Illness


NEW Effectiveness of School Closure for the Control of Influenza


NCCID leads a collaborative project aimed at responding to recognized knowledge gaps related to the prevention and control of influenza. The kinds of persistent problems seen and the solutions to these problems relate to the mandate of all the National Collaborating Centres for Public Health (NCCPH), making influenza and influenza-like illness an important area for collaboration.

The 2-year project brings the expertise of the six NCCPH to bear on knowledge translation needs of public health and primary care professionals. Questions remain about surveillance methods, estimates of the burden of influenza, the effectiveness of vaccination and other prevention strategies, and equitable delivery of services. A suite of knowledge products will be produced to address these and other issues.

Where are the gaps?


Influenza and influenza-like illnesses (ILI) are a persistent public health issue that practitioners have to deal with annually, caused by seasonal influenza and other respiratory pathogens, as well as under emergency situations in pandemics. Many unanswered questions remain about how to best measure, control and communicate what we know about influenza. NCCID and its partners asked public health stakeholders — what are the priorities and what types of knowledge projects are most useful?

The themes and questions most often mentioned were Vaccines effectiveness, Primary prevention, Rapid diagnostics, Surveillance & burden of illness, Communication & messaging, and Equity.

Learn more about each theme here.

NCCID Projects 

The National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases is undertaking several projects aimed at strengthening the evidence-base and methods used to support decisions on when, among whom, and how best to intervene, particularly to avoid severe outcomes of influenza. 

 

Collaboration & Project Components 

With coordination from NCCID, each Centre contributes to one or more areas where information needs remain:

PREVENTION

             
An evidence review on the effectiveness of school closures for the control of influenza balances the evidence with the feasibility and ethical implications of the measure.        will bring forward recommendations to inform emergency response procedures and prevention approaches during influenza outbreaks and pandemic circumstances.        will summarize the evidence on the effectiveness of non-pharmacological measures for prevention and control of influenza, tailoring fact sheets to particular public health audiences.       

 

COMMUNICATION AND MESSAGING

                    
will bring forward recommendations to inform communication strategies during influenza outbreaks and pandemic circumstances.        will summarize the evidence published on the impacts of social media use by public health on health inequalities, including the management of influenza-like illnesses.        will summarize the evidence from existing systematic reviews to assess the effectiveness of knowledge translation strategies that aim to increase vaccination rates among healthcare workers.       

 

EQUITY

                    
will review the academic
literature describing the epidemiology of influenza in First Nations, Inuit, and Métis populations, as well as the determinants of respiratory infection and ill health in these populations.
       will explore the roles of public health organizations and practitioners in integrating equity into
influenza prevention. 
Illustrative case examples highlight activities and the application of different tools and processes used by Canadian public health organizations.
       will summarize the evidence published on the impacts of
social media use by public health on health inequalities, including the management of influenza-like illnesses. The impacts on marginalized groups and vulnerable populations will be considered. With input from NCCAH, special attention will be given to the relevancy and impact on Aboriginal communities and people.
      


pH1N1

You may also be interested in an earlier NCCID project that focused on pandemic influenza. The pH1N1 project critically assessed research evidence and consolidated practice-based lessons learned from Canada’s experience of pH1N1. A series of evidence reviews were published, covering a wide range of topics in both human and animal health.